Collection Name: Ru Kiln Porcelain
藏品规格：重量：226.6g 口径：10.39cm 底径：8.5cm 高：4cm
Collection Specification: Weight: 226.6g Diameter: 10.39cm Bottom Diameter: 8.5cm High: 4cm
Collection: Ru kiln, one of the five famous kilns, is named for its origin in Ruzhou. The kiln site is Qingliangsi Village, Daying Town, Baofeng County, Henan Province. Ru porcelain ranks first among the five famous kilns of Song Dynasty: Ru, Guan, Ge, Jun and Ding. It is known as "Ru kiln is the leader" in the history of Chinese ceramics. Ru kiln is one of the most famous traditional Chinese ceramic crafts. It mainly represented the porcelain in the Northern Song Dynasty. Ru Porcelain is simple and generous in shape, with precious agate as its glaze and unique in color. It has the praise of "agate as glaze handed down from ancient times". With the change of light, the glaze color is like "the rain breaks through the sky, the clouds break down", "Qianfeng Bibo emerald" is beautiful, the soil is fine, the body is like the Dong body whose glaze is thick and loud, bright and not dazzling. It has the characteristics of "pear skin, crab claw, sesame flower" and is called "like jade, non-jade, but winning jade" by the world. Since the Song, Yuan, Ming and Qing dynasties, the imperial porcelain for Ru has been treasured in the inner storehouse, which is more valuable than the Shang, Yi and Zhou dynasties. In 1952, Premier Zhou Enlai instructed "to develop the cultural heritage of the motherland and restore the production of Ru kiln". After hundreds of experiments and studies, the first batch of bean-green glaze crafts were fired in 1958. In August 1983, the sky-blue glaze of Ru kiln reached and surpassed the level of Ru kiln in Song Dynasty. Since then, Ru Porcelain has become a business card of Ruzhou people.
The glaze color of Ru Porcelain is like that of "Rain over the sky, clear clouds and broken places", "Qianfeng Bibo emerald" with delicate soil. The glaze of body like Dong body is thick and loud, bright but not dazzling. It has the characteristics of "pear skin, crab claw, sesame flower" and is called "like jade, non-jade, but winning jade" by the world. Since the Song, Yuan, Ming and Qing dynasties, the imperial porcelain for Ru has been treasured in the inner storehouse, which is more valuable than the Shang, Yi and Zhou dynasties.
Ru kiln porcelains have dishes, bowls, bottles, washes, respects, calendula, Narcissus basins and so on. There are many kinds of bottles, such as paper mallet bottle, jade spring bottle, gallbladder bottle and so on. Ru kiln utensils have vases, respect, calendula, bowls, dishes, washing, dimples, Narcissus basins and other daily appliances. A few of them are also decorated with piles of flowers, prints and other decorations. At the bottom, there are more blue and white year models. They are mostly depicted with knives and pens, and printing, impression and other processes.
Ru kiln pottery tires are gray-white, different in depth and shade, and are similar to the burned aromatic ash, so commonly known as "aromatic ash tire" is one of the key points in identifying Ru kiln pottery. The basic tone of Ru kiln glaze is a kind of light azure, commonly known as "duck eggshell blue". The glaze layer is not thick. With the change of shape, the glaze changes in depth and depth. Glaze cracking patches are mostly extremely fine patches, commonly known as "cicada wing patches". Ru porcelains have exquisite texture and contain trace copper in the earth. When exposed to sunlight, they are slightly red and slightly yellow, commonly known as "aromatic grey tires". They are often found in Yanhedian, Dayu Donggou, Ruzhou Wenmiao and Qingliangsi kiln sites. Ru kilns in Zhanggong Lane, Ruzhou have gray-white tires, whiter than those at other kiln entrances, and are in the north. The main characteristics of Song Guanyao. Ru Porcelain is a palace monopoly. The glaze is azure, pink-blue and sky-blue. There are also glaze colors of bean green, green, moonwhite and orange peel. The glaze is moist and soft, pure as jade, and has a distinct butter feeling. The glaze is slightly transparent, mostly opaque or crystalline. Ru Porcelain in Zhanggong Lane, Ruzhou, has azure and pink-blue glaze, moist glaze color and jade-like feel. It has the typical characteristics of blue sky, jade face and sparse morning stars.
Ru kiln takes inheritance of art as its duty, adopts traditional handmade method to make ceramics. The process of making a ceramics is as high as 13 ways, including washing mud, laying mud, drawing billet, printing billet, repairing billet, rubbing water, painting billet, glazing, firing kiln, ceramics, repairing defects of ceramics, fine workmanship, beautiful design and "glaze layer" of Chengyi Ru ceramics. Leading, simple and elegant, light and lustre, because Ru porcelain glaze layer is thick, often open like fish scales, cicada wings, after a long time, the Brown will adhere to cracks, forming irregular alternating patterns, so feel lubricated like grease, like the beauty of jade and non-jade.
After the end of the Northern Song Dynasty, Ru Kiln also disappeared, and it was only 20 years before and after the kiln was opened. Ru Kiln Porcelain was very rare in Southern Song Dynasty. What's more, there are not many authentic products that have been circulated today. The reason why Ru kiln porcelain was so precious was that Ru kiln porcelain had only been opened for 20 years at that time, and had only been stored in major museums in modern times. Therefore, the circulation of Ru kiln porcelain in the market is negligible.